Governments' Obligations to Ensuring the Human Right to
Source: The People's Movement for Human Rights Education (PDHRE)
What provisions of human rights law
guarantee everyone the Human Right to Health?
Includes excerpts from the
Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, the
Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women,
Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, and
Convention on the Rights of the Child.
the right to a standard of living adequate for ... health and well-being of
himself and his family, including food, clothing, housing, medical care and
the right to security in the event of ... sickness, disability....
Motherhood and childhood are entitled to special care and assistance...."
Declaration of Human Rights, Article 25
Parties ... recognize the right of everyone to ... just and favourable
conditions of work which ensure ... safe and healthy working conditions....;
... the right to ... an adequate standard of living ...; the enjoyment of
the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health. The steps to
be taken ... to achieve the full realization of this right shall include
those necessary for: ... the reduction of ... infant mortality and for the
healthy development of the child; the improvement of all aspects of
environmental and industrial hygiene; the prevention, treatment and control
of epidemic, endemic, occupational and other diseases; the creation of
conditions which would assure to all medical service and medical attention
in the event of sickness."
Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, Articles 7, 11, and 12
Parties shall ... ensure to [women] ... access to specific educational
information to help to ensure the health and well-being of families,
including information and advice on family planning.... States Parties shall
... eliminate discrimination against women in ... health care ... to ensure,
on a basis of equality of men and women, access to health care services,
including those related to family planning....; ensure ... appropriate
services in connection with pregnancy.... States Parties shall ... ensure
... that [women in rural areas] ... have access to adequate health care
facilities, including information counselling and services in family
on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women,
Articles 10, 12, and 14
Parties undertake to ... eliminate racial discrimination ... and to
guarantee the right of everyone, without distinction as to race, colour, or
national or ethnic origin, to equality before the law, ... the right to
public health, medical care, social security and social services...."
on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, Article 5
Parties recognize the right of the child to the enjoyment of the highest
attainable standard of health and to facilities for the treatment of illness
and rehabilitation of health...."
on the Rights of the Child, Article 24